Apostrophe DevOps


Inherits from: apostrophe-module‚Äč


Enable users to log in via a login form on the site at /login.



If explicitly set to false, the /login route does not exist, and it is not possible to log in via your username and password. This usually makes sense only in the presence of an alternative such as the apostrophe-passport module, which adds support for login via Google, Twitter, gitlab, etc.


If set to true, the user is given the option to reset their password, provided they can receive a confirmation email. Not available if localLogin is false.


When passwordReset is true, this option controls how many hours a password reset request remains valid. If the confirmation email is not acted upon in time, the user must request a password reset again. The default is 48.

Notable properties of apos.modules['apostrophe-login']


Apostrophe's instance of the passport npm module. You may access this object if you need to implement additional passport "strategies."

callAll method: loginAfterLogin

The method loginAfterLogin is invoked on all modules that have one. This method is a good place to set req.redirect to the URL of your choice. If no module sets req.redirect, the newly logged-in user is redirected to the home page. loginAfterLogin is invoked with req and may also optionally take a callback.



Set the serializeUser method of passport to serialize the user by storing their user ID in the session.


Set the deserializeUser method of passport to deserialize the user by locating the appropriate user via the apostrophe-users module. Then invokes the loginDeserialize method of every module that has one, passing the user object. These methods may optionally take a callback.

deserializeUser(id, callback)

Given a user's _id, fetches that user via the login module and, if the user is found, invokes the loginDeserialize method of all modules that have one via callAll. Then invokes the callback with (null, user).

If the user is not found, invokes the callback with (null, null) (NOTE: no error in the first argument).

If another error occurs, it is passed as the first argument.

This method is passed to passport.deserializeUser. It is also useful when you wish to load a user exactly as Passport would.


On every request, immediately after the user has been fetched, build the user._permissions object which has a simple boolean property for each permission the user possesses.

Permissions can be obtained either via the group or via the user object itself, although there is currently no interface for adding permissions directly to a user.

admin implies edit, and edit implies guest. These are populated accordingly.

If you have admin- rights for any specific content types, you are also granted guest and edit (create) permissions for other types that are not restricted to admins only.


Adds the "local strategy" (username/email and password login) to Passport. Users are found via the find method of the apostrophe-users module. Users with the disabled property set to true may not log in. Passwords are verified via the verifyPassword method of apostrophe-users, which is powered by the credential module.

verifyLogin(username, password, callback)

Verify a login attempt. username can be either the username or the email address (both are unique).

If a system-level failure occurs, such that we don't know if the user's login should have succeeded, then the first argument to the callback is an error.

If the user's login FAILS, the first argument is is null, and the second argument is false (no user).

If the user's login SUCCEEDS, the first argument is null and the second argument is the user object.

PLEASE NOTE THAT A USER FAILING TO LOG IN DOES NOT REPORT AN ERROR as the first callback argument. You MUST check the second argument.

The convention is set this way for compatibility with passport.


Add Passport's initialize and session middleware. Also add middleware to add the req.data.user property. Now works via the expressMiddleware property, allowing control of timing relative to other modules.


Add the /login route, both GET (show the form) and POST (submit the form). Also add the /logout route.


sendPasswordResetEmail(req, user)

Send a password reset email, with a magic link to a one-time-use form to reset the password, to the given user. Returns a promise; when that promise resolves the email has been handed off for delivery (not necessarily received).

NOTE: the promise will be rejected if the user has no email property to which to send an email.

addUserToData(req, res, next)

Add the user property to req.data when a user is logged in.


Push the login stylesheet.


Add the logout admin bar item.

afterLogin(req, res)

Invoked by passport after an authentication strategy succeeds and the user has been logged in. Invokes loginAfterLogin on any modules that have one and redirects to req.redirect or, if it is not set, to /.