Every Apostrophe site is made up of modules. You can browse the complete list at left.
Each module provides a particular feature, often including both front and back end code, as well as templates and stylesheets. For instance, the apostrophe-assets module provides core services relating to assets like stylesheets.
Modules are implemented as moog types, which provide a simple and clean way to write them in an object-oriented style while keeping async programming convenient and providing easy subclassing and overriding.
For convenience, the
apostrophe npm module contains all of the "core" Apostrophe modules that are necessary for a functioning website.
Some of these, like apostrophe-docs, are initialized every time Apostrophe starts up; you can see that list on github. Those modules are initialized first, followed by those you configure in
app.js, in the order you configure them.
apostrophe-module is the base class of all modules; it provides features that are convenient in almost any module, like rendering a template from its
views folder, or pushing assets from its
Modules can also be installed via npm, and multiple Apostrophe modules can be shipped as a single npm module via moog bundles.
Any options you provide for a module via the
modules property in
app.js override the default configuration for a module, as seen in the tutorials. And any configuration provided via the
modules property in
data/local.js overrides that, allowing for server-specific settings like API keys.
You can also provide your own templates in the
lib/modules/module-name/views folder of your project (not in
node_modules) to override the templates of
module-name, and provide your own code in
lib/modules/module-name/index.js to override methods and add functionality. If your project-level
lib/modules folder has a module by the same name as a core or npm module, any code you provide automatically subclasses and improves that module.